They’re highly productive. Try a dose of neem oil, copper fungicide, or sulfur dust fungicide to treat this fungus. These plants are also referred to as “ube” or “ubi” in Phillippine cuisine. Dioscorea alata is one of the most important staple crops in Austronesian cultures. There, it’s used primarily in desserts from cake to ice cream to frappes. Winged yam (Dioscorea alata) is another non-native, invasive vine in Florida. This vine is probably native to Southeastern Asia, but is known today only from cultivation. In Okinawa, purple yams (Dioscorea alata) are grown. The weeds would be allowed to dry up with the soil to form organic manure. Winged yam (Dioscorea alata), tuber, peeled, fresh; Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used . It produces a large root crop of edible subterranean tubers (yams) which are an important starchy food source in many tropical to sub-tropical areas around the globe. We’ll talk about growing this winged yam at home! It should be loamy, fertile, full of organic material, and well-draining. It’s also important that the soil is loose so the tubers can grow easily. Category: Vegetables. We're always looking to improve our articles to help you become an even better gardener. Growing True Yams under woodchips show difference between Ube's /purple yams (Dioscorea alata) and purple sweet potatoes (Ipoemea batatus). You can also prune infested vines or remove the pests one by one with a dab of rubbing alcohol. In tropical areas, plants go dormant for about three months at the end of the rainy season. PROCESSES IN COCOA CULTIVATION … Some have escaped cultivation to become quite invasive in certain areas. Home » Dioscorea Alata: Growing Wonderful Winged Yams. Dioscorea alata, known as purple yam, ube, or greater yam, among many other names, is a species of yam, a tuber. Plant Common Name. The water yam is a large, vigorous tender perennial vine that produces starchy, edible, bulbous tubers that may be white or purple fleshed. The post Dioscorea Alata: Growing Wonderful Winged Yams is by Rachel Garcia and appeared first on Epic Gardening, the best urban gardening, hydroponic gardening, and aquaponic gardening blog. Family: Dioscoreaceae: Genus: Dioscorea (dy-oh-SKOR-ee-uh) Species: alata (a-LAY-tuh) Synonym: Dioscorea rubella: 8 members have or want this plant for trade. Insects can also transmit the disease, so arm yourself against any pest problems. Dioscorea alata L., winged yam, white yam Family. This is also known as big yam or water yam , being one of the main cultivated species and widely distributed in the tropics. When it’s climbing, the vines will spread out and expose more leaf surface for photosynthesis. Dioscorea alata can be grown in containers, but you’ll have to watch the size. Distinguishing Characteristics . Ensure that you remove all tubers, aerial tubers, and vines from the ground so nothing is left to its own devices. Dioscorea alata, known as water yam, winged yam, as well as purple yam, was initially grown somewhere in Southeast Asia. Winged yam species are pretty rough-and-tumble plants. If you live in USDA zones 9-11, you have the option of letting your Dioscorea alata grow for 2 or more years. As gardeners of this plant, we’re responsible for keeping it contained. Since it’s from the tropics, it likes to be nice and warm; at least 70°F is preferable. They grow so quickly that some gardeners have reported 8 inches of growth in a single day. We’ll talk about growing this winged yam at home! Tubers may be eaten mashed, fried, boiled or roasted. Among these, D. alata and D. esculenta were the o… It is virtually unknown in the wild state, except for occasional reports. Stay on the safe side and discard any green portions. Alternately, add beneficial nematodes to the soil as they will hunt down and kill the root-knot nematodes. In colder locations, they must be grown as an annual. Clewell (1985) as “introduced for ornament” and escaping from cultivation. Where not winter hardy, this plant may be grown ornamentally in pots as an annual. Species you may find include the following: Dioscorea alata (white yam, water yam): Probably the most cultivated, edible, true yam. Here is more about our approach. Winged yam (Dioscorea alata) is another non-native, invasive vine in Florida. The tubers are usually vivid violet-purple to bright lavender in colour, hence the common name, but they may sometimes be plain white. Dioscorea alata – Winged Yam This species is a common food plant throughout the world, grows in northern Australia, and is now extending it’s range into northern NSW. Dioscorea alata, known as purple yam, ube, or greater yam, among many other names, is a species of yam, a tuber. Root-knot nematodes hit this species right where it hurts: the tuber. Humidity isn’t a huge factor here, so long as you keep the soil moist during the summer. Cooking should render this safe, but the bitterness is a warning sign. This species is probably the most important and extensively cultivated of the edible yams, with significant cultivation occurring in the West Indies, West Africa, Southeast Asia and Central America. Probably arose in cultivation in E. Asia - Malaysia. The following harvest season, you should have a massive payoff. 18. The root above, however, is Dioscorea alata and those are always edible. Purple Sweet Potato, Purple Yam, Ubi, Uhi, Water Yam, White Yam, Winged Yam. There are hundreds of cultivars worldwide (L. Degras 1993; D. G. Coursey 1967), varying in the color and consistency of the flesh. It produces a large root crop of edible subterranean tubers (yams) which are an important starchy food source in many tropical to sub-tropical areas around the globe. The tropical tuber crops. Dioscorea Alata grows for 8-10 months and then enters into a hibernating mode of 3-4 months. Distinguishing Characteristics . With these yams, different varieties often mean different colors. Once they sprout, you can transplant them into their permanent homes. Dioscorea alata species will grow in a variety of soils. I grow winged yam, Dioscorea alata, and aerial potato, D. bulbifera. The Dioscorea alata (yams) is a food crop of the staple diet of millions of people around the world, mainly in tropical and subtropical regions. It can be toxic if eaten raw. After they’re cut, you have to let the pieces dry out for a couple days. Winged yam (Dioscorea alata), tuber, peeled, fresh; Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used . Chromosome Number: 2n = 20, In Dioscorea alata, majority of male clones are tetraploids (2n = 40) and majority of females have higher ploidy level (2n=60 or 80). Additionally, the purple yam is a common ingredient of yam ice cream with the signature purple color. While most, such as Zambales, stick to the classic purple, others have varying shades of white. Once dry, bury the pieces in a bucket of dirt and keep it moist. Cultivation Practices. If any ube tastes bitter, do not eat it. This handbook covers botany, varieties, various aspects of cultivation, pests and diseases, harvest and post-harvest information, preparation, and composition for Dioscorea alata. It should be loamy, fertile, full of organic material, and well-draining. Sun Exposure: Full Sun. Winged yam has escaped cultivation in the southern United States, the Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico. Dioscorea Alata grows for 8-10 months and then enters into a hibernating mode of 3-4 months. Vegetable gardens in frost free areas. Instead, gardeners rely on aerial tubers or root propagation. However, these tubers have a smoother texture that makes them perfect for delicate treats. Let the pieces dry out before planting or sprouting them. This article contains incorrect information, This article is missing information that I need. Vines and Climbers. The vines have been known to reach 20-30 feet tall, often climbing nearby trees. Just stick them in a bucket of soil and keep them moist. General Description . Dioscorea is drought-tolerant, but it thrives best with consistent moisture. Intra-specific classification of Dioscorea alata. D. alata, Yam A, under cultivation in soft soil. I don’t think we could ever live without tubers. Typically the plants are propagated vegetatively. Some of these may be affiliate links, meaning we earn a small commission if items are purchased. Water it whenever the top few inches of the soil begins to dry out. Sun to Partial Shade. The tubers look and taste similar, but taro species lacks the smooth texture and vibrant coloring of Dioscorea alata winged yam. The mosaic virus creates a “mosaic” of color on the leaves, usually in shades of yellow and green. Ube, botanically known as Dioscorea alata, is a very popular yam throughout Asia. . Photo about Cultivation of dioscorea alata known as purple yam or greater yam, organic farming. Kinampay is considered the original winged yam species. Image of leaves, traditional, roots - 195436954 It should be loamy, fertile, full of organic material, and well-draining. Winged yam is such an old plant that its exact origin is unknown, though it’s believed to have come from Southeast Asia. Nematodes may attack tubers. I found it growing right near a huge patch of non-edible Dioscorea bulbifera and identified it by its leaves and dangling bulbils. Water yam (Dioscorea alata L.) are adaptable to cultivation under different soil conditions. This plant is cultivated in the tropics of the whole earth. There’s no cure for this disease, so prevention is your only weapon. You should also use crop rotation with nematode-resistant plants. Vine needs a support structure upon which to grow to ensure foliage receives good exposure to sun. A: It can be, but only if eaten raw. Prevent these nematodes by tilling the soil well before and after each harvest. You’re in luck, as there aren’t many problems to deal with when it comes to Dioscorea alata. INCUBATORS 37. It’s recommended to add organic mulch on top to hold in water and prevent weeds. Remember that the tubers are toxic when raw, so you have to cook them completely. Unless you have a very small tuber, cut it into several chunks. The second richest Dioscorea species after D. alata L. is the D. bulbifera L. (Pita Aalu). A little more about me. Dioscorea alata (white yam, water yam): Probably the most cultivated, edible, true yam. Above-ground, you’ll notice stunted growth and yellowing leaves. It is named by the monk Charles Plumier after the ancient Greek physician and botanist Dioscorides. Drip lines or soaker hoses work really well for this plant. It is perennial, fast growing, and climbing plant that grows up to 15 m long. In more temperate frost-free areas, plants lose foliage and go dormant in winter. No serious insect or disease problems. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE 19. Tropical Agriculture (Trinidad), 54:1-13. If you have a huge tuber, you can remove a piece at a time, and the remaining winged yam will usually be fine. Prevent anthracnose by keeping your plant clean and dry. 4 more photos VIEW GALLERY. If your plant outgrows its support, prune back the vines with sharp, clean clippers. Greening of tubers happens when they’re exposed to sunlight while growing. Photo about Cultivation of dioscorea alata known as purple yam or greater yam, organic farming. Whether it’s the many cooking variations of the potato, the abundant nutrients of the sweet potato, or the rich taste of the yam, these foods are popular for good reason. Plants grow best in temperatures above 70 degrees F. Dioscorea alata, commonly known as water yam or winged yam, is a fast-growing, twining, tuberous-rooted, herbaceous perennial vine of the yam family (Dioscoreaeae). Light Shade. To speed up the process, dip the cut end in wood ash. It is closely related to air potato (Dioscorea bulbifera). For optimal growth, though, the soil should have all the best features. For existing infestations, try a nematicide. It originated in South-East Asia in Burma, from where it spreads to other parts of the globe. Dioscorea alata Linn. Like potatoes, winged yam is usually grown by planting chunks of the tuber. The root above, however, is Dioscorea alata and those are always edible. They’re highly productive. It’s also important that the soil is loose so the tubers can grow easily. Neem oil or horticultural oil can kill off their eggs. The post Dioscorea Alata: Growing Wonderful Winged Yams is by Rachel Garcia and appeared first on Epic Gardening, the best urban gardening, hydroponic gardening, and aquaponic gardening blog. This article is about Yam A, Dioscorea Alata — A for Alata uh-LAY-tuh. It has been suggested by some authorities that D. alata may be the result of a hybridization that took place several thousand years ago. For long-term storage, keep your yams in a dry place. Image of leaves, traditional, roots - 195436954 Growing True Yams under woodchips show difference between Ube's /purple yams (Dioscorea alata) and purple sweet potatoes (Ipoemea batatus). 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