During World War II, Hopkins made several trips for President Roosevelt to London, England and Moscow, Soviet Union to discuss assistance and military strategy. On December 1, 1938, Constantine Oumansky, then the Soviet Chargé d’affaires ad interim in the United States, wrote in his “political letter” to Maxim Litvinov, the People’s Commissar of Foreign Affairs:. Hopkins studied at Grinnell College and … "I suppose you wish to know what I am going to say to President Roosevelt on my return. His travels to London and Moscow won the trust of both Churchill and Stalin. Winging to join Churchill was Harry Hopkins, the President’s friend and adviser, flying in primitive conditions in a PBY Catalina from Moscow after three days with Stalin. On May 10, 1940, after a long night and day of discussing the German invasion of the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg that had ended the so-called "Phony War", Roosevelt urged a tired Hopkins to stay for dinner, and then the night, in a second-floor White House bedroom. He was concerned with rural areas but increasingly focused on cities in the Great Depression. "Harry Hopkins and Soviet Espionage", McJimsey, George. Well I am going to quote to you one verse from the Book of Ruth ... 'Whither thou goest, I will go and where thou lodgest I will lodge, thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God. Hopkins started programs for youth (National Youth Administration) and for artists and writers (Federal One Programs). Reed Irvine particularly valued the book for providing "new evidence" that Harry Hopkins, FDR's closest and most influential advisor, was a Soviet spy. They have exposed an 87-year-old English grandmother who fed atomic secrets to the Soviets beginning during World War II and who has never been prosecuted. He went to Moscow in July 1941 to make personal contact with Joseph Stalin. He interfaced with Soviet officials ranging from the middle ranks to the very highest, including Stalin. Bohlen later revealed that Stalin once confided that Harry Hopkins was the first American to whom he had spoken po dushe—“from the soul.” Hopkins understood he would face enormous challenges at Moscow. That claim is based on evidence too weak to be the basis for a confident conclusion. In the spring of 1913, he accepted a position from John A. Kingsbury of the New York Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor (AICP) as "friendly visitor" and superintendent of the Employment Bureau within the AICP's Department of Family Welfare. All Right Reserved. L Hopkins, George Brinton Hopkins, James Donaldson Hopkins, John Penn Jones Hopkins, Francis McKormick Hopkins and Kate Robinson Hopkins. According to Mr. Gordievsky, who was in knickers when Mr. Hopkins died in 1946, the former social worker advocated positions favored by Moscow. ", For more detail see Harvey Klehr, and John Earl, Haynes, "Harry Hopkins and Soviet Espionage", New York Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor, Temporary Emergency Relief Administration. He was one of the architects of the New Deal, especially the relief programs of the Works Progress Administration (WPA), which he directed and built into the largest employer in the country. He in­ter­faced with So­viet of­fi­cials rang­ing from the mid­dle ranks to the very high­est, in­clud­ing Stalin. Straus named Hopkins, then unknown to Roosevelt, as TERA's executive director. Does anyone remember Harry Hopkins, the adviser to President Roosevelt during the war years? His health declined after 1939 due to stomach cancer, and Hopkins died in 1946 at the age of 55. In 1931, Jesse I. Straus hired Hopkins as the executive director of New York's Temporary Emergency Relief Administration. Gordievsky reported that Iskhak Ahkmerov, the KGB officer who controlled the illegal Soviet agents in the U.S. during the war, had said that Hopkins was “the most important of all Soviet wartime agents in the United States.”, Hopkins secret meetings with Ahkmerov were not known to anyone until Gordievsky revealed them. Andrew tries to put an innocent face on this, saying Hopkins was using Ahkmerov as a “back channel” to communicate with Moscow. Hopkins at first opposed America's entrance into World War I, but, when war was declared in 1917, he supported it enthusiastically. In mid-1943, Hopkins faced a barrage of criticism from Republicans and the press that he had abused his position for personal profit. He conducted policy vis-a-vis Stalin with mere dogmatic confidence in his own (and his circle's) unshakeable sentiments. One congressman asserted that British media tycoon Lord Beaverbrook had given Hopkins' wife Louise $500,000 worth of emeralds, which Louise denied. John Earl Haynes and Harvey Klehr concluded in FrontPage Magazine in 2013: The case advanced for Hopkins' guilt has two parts. CWA was similar but did not require workers to be on relief in order to receive a government sponsored job. The New York Times, The Washington Post, 60 Minutes and Nightline have all done substantial stories about the revelations Christopher Andrew has plucked from Mitrokhin?s archive. Shortly after Harry was born, the family moved successively to Council Bluffs, Iowa, and Kearney and Hastings, Nebraska. The man who spent 3 ½ years living in the White House and travelling to Moscow and London to evaluate the fighting spirit of the Allies. [19], Hopkins was the top American official assigned to dealing with Soviet officials during World War II. In 1942, Hopkins married Louise Gill Macy (1906–1963) in the Yellow Oval Room at the White House. He was born in Sioux City, Iowa, in the United States. They began before Hopkins made a trip to Moscow in July 1941, a month after the Germans invaded the Soviet Union. George Racey Jordan testified to the House Un-American Activities Committee in December 1949 that Hopkins passed nuclear secrets to the USSR. Detail from "I'm More Than Just a Stalin Fan" by William Davies--More than any other item, what "triggered" the Pravda-style disinformation campaign against American Betrayal was book's annotated examination of Harry Hopkins, FDR all-powerful, unconfirmed, and, today, unknown top aide, who lived in the family quarters of the White House during World War II. Repayment was primarily in the form of Allied military action against the enemy, as well as leases on army and naval bases in Allied territory used by American forces. He was ill and the trip was debilitating, but vital. He supervised the $50 billion Lend Lease program of military aid to the Allies. Accuracy in Media first reported on Mitrokhin's revelations shortly after the book's publication. Mark says that at the time, any actions were taken specifically to help the American war effort, and to prevent the Soviets from making a deal with Hitler.[25]. His father, born in Bangor, Maine, ran a harness shop (after an erratic career as a salesman, prospector, storekeeper and bowling-alley operator), but his real passion was bowling, and he eventually returned to it as a business. [8], In March 1933, Roosevelt summoned Hopkins to Washington as federal relief administrator. Harry Lloyd Hopkins (August 17, 1890 – January 29, 1946) was the 8th Secretary of Commerce, and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's closest advisor on foreign policy during World War II. Ready to fight back against media bias? [12], On May 10, 1940, after a long night and day of discussing the German invasion of the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg that had ended the so-called "Phony War", Roosevelt urged a tired Hopkins to stay for dinner, and then the night, in a second-floor White House bedroom. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry Hopkins “A confidential message from FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover, reproduced in [Diana] West’s new book, told [White House aide Harry] Hopkins that a ‘continuing’ investigation had discovered that Russian diplomat (and Comintern agent) Vasily Zarubin had made a payment to U.S. Communist Party official Steve Nelson to help place … [37], In mid-1939, Hopkins was told that he had stomach cancer, and doctors performed an extensive operation that removed 75% of his stomach. A par­tic­u­larly strik­ing ex­am­ple of bad faith was Moscow's re­fus… [10], Before Hopkins began to decline from his struggle with stomach cancer in the late 1930s, FDR appeared to be training him as a possible successor. Primary Sources Harry L. Hopkins. Roosevelt brought him along as advisor to his meetings with Churchill and Stalin at Cairo, Tehran, Casablanca in 1942-43, and Yalta in 1945. Hopkins served as an important foreign policy adviser and diplomat during World War II. His insistence that aid be extended to Stalin with no strings attached justifies Ahkmerov?s evaluation of his performance. Despite lacking a cabinet position he was seen by all as the indispensable man. Harry Lloyd Hopkins (August 17, 1890 – January 29, 1946) was the 8th Secretary of Commerce, and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's closest advisor on foreign policy during World War II. During his tenure, the agency grew enormously and absorbed the New York Heart Association. Historians do not cite Jordan as credible—at the time Jordan claimed to have met with Hopkins in Washington regarding uranium shipments, Hopkins was in intensive care at the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota. His leadership of the program earned the attention of Roosevelt, then the governor of New York, and Roosevelt brought Hopkins into his presidential administration after his victory in the 1932 presidential election. There is evidence that Hopkins even went so far as to arrange for the shipment of uranium to the Soviet Union to help them develop the atomic bomb. He was rejected for the draft because of a bad eye. Jan 18, 2019 - Explore Tom Ford's board "Harry Hopkins, FDR's Top Aide", followed by 122 people on Pinterest. Though his death has been attributed to his stomach cancer, some historians have suggested that it was the cumulative malnutrition related to his post-cancer digestive problems. Another claim is that Hopkins died from liver failure due to hepatitis or cirrhosis,[39] but Robert Sherwood authoritatively reported that Hopkins' postmortem examination showed the cause of death was hemosiderosis [40] due to hepatic iron accumulation from his many blood transfusions and iron supplements. Harry Hopkins (L), Aide to FDR, w. US Amb. [16] He accompanied Churchill to the Atlantic Conference. Hopkins recommended, and the president accepted, the inclusion of the Soviets in Lend Lease. 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