[and] gives hope that collective social action has the potential to affect democratic change even under conditions of multiple oppressions." The critical race scholar who references postmodernism most explicitly in her work and who most clearly advocates for a more politicized and actionable use of it is Kimberlé Crenshaw, a founder of critical race Theory and the progenitor of the concept of intersectionality. But it can do so only if its practitioners simultaneously under- stand and cultivate intersectionality as a criticalsocial theory. Christians should be mindful of how our cultural context can cloud our interpretation of Scripture. Patricia Hill Collins is a professor emerita of sociology, a co-author of Intersectionality, and an editor of the influential anthology Race, Class, and Gender. The ideas behind intersectional feminism existed long before the term was coined. Similarly, “[at] its heart, intersectionality is a set of ideas that is critical of the established social world“, (p. 53) and “Vivian May contends [that intersectionality is] ‘a form of resistant knowledge developed to unsettle conventional mindsets, challenge oppressive power, think through the full architecture of structural inequalities and asymmetrical life opportunities, ad seek a more just world'” (p. 119). . The Intersectional Approach . Constructionist approaches to social inquiry reject the notion that interpretation and meaning can be objectively understood (Atewologun, 2011). The final branch formulates intersectionality as a critical praxis to determine how social justice initiatives can use intersectionality to bring about social change. [Patricia Hill Collins] -- Offers a set of analytical tools for those wishing to develop intersectionality's capability to theorize social inequality in ways that would facilitate social change. ‎In Intersectionality as Critical Social Theory Patricia Hill Collins offers a set of analytical tools for those wishing to develop intersectionality’s capability to theorize social inequality in ways that would facilitate social change. Despite this general consensus, definitions of what counts as intersectionality are far from clear. As was the case for intersectional scholarship, the types of actions that characterize intersectionality as critical … To show just how fundamental this assumption is to Collins view, consider the following quotes: Scholar-activists… seek compelling, complex analyses of how colonialism, patriarchy, racism, nationalism, and neoliberal capitalism.. inform their realities. (2) Intersecting power relations produce complex, interdependent social inequalities of race, class, gender, sexuality, ethnicity, ability, and age. Despite laying out these four guiding premises, Collins cautions that intersectionality is a nebulous term, open to many different conceptualizations:”[i]ntersectionality has not yet crystallized into a canon with founding figures, a coherent narrative of its point of origin, and a list of its core tenets.” (p. 185), If developing a precise definition of ‘intersectionality’  is challenging, developing a precise definition of ‘critical social theory’ is even more difficult. ways of knowing truth) tend to undervalue experience, “resistant knowledge projects” produced by subordinated people (women, people of color, LGBTQ+ people, etc…) will use their lived experiences to produce knowledge that resists their oppression: “Tools of epistemic resistance used by subordinated people –namely, testimonial authority, identity politics, and standpoint epistemology– all rest on implicit assumptions about the utility of experience for producing knowledge.” (p. 157). As a critical theory, intersectionality is best aligned with social constructionist and feminist standpoint epistemologies (Else-Quest & Hyde, 2016). More books like Intersectionality as Critical Social Theory may be found by selecting the categories below:. Social justice. In Intersectionality as Critical Social Theory Patricia Hill Collins offers a set of analytical tools for those wishing to develop intersectionality's capability to theorize social inequality in ways that would facilitate social change. Yet one of Collins’ final comments on the nature of critical social theory is probably the most relevant: “The meaning of critical social theory is far from settled.” (p. 275). Critical race theory (CRT) is a school of thought meant to emphasize the effects of race on one's social standing. While intersectionality helps shed light on contemporary social issues, Collins notes that it has yet to reach its full potential as a critical social theory. A 2020 Choice Magazine Outstanding Academic Title, 905 W. Main St. Ste 18-B Just as critical race theory as a resistant knowledge project aspires to resist racism, intersectionality as a knowledge projects may aspire to resist the social inequalities within intersecting systems of power. Practicing Intersectionality in Sociological Research: A critical analysis of inclusions, interactions and institutions in the study of inequalities Recent feminist scholarship increasingly presents race, class and gender as closely intertwined and argues that these forms of … Both books approach intersectionality less as a list of group memberships to be combined analyti-cally than as an ongoing struggle to over-come naturalized categories that seem to hold fixed social positions. Thus, the contribution of intersectionality lies not only in drawing attention to multiple forms of oppression but also in challenging the idea of homogeneous and essential social identities, categories or labels (Anthias, 2012). of the social determinants of health perspectives.” Sen and colleagues (2009) acknowledge this shift: In addition to the obvious benefit of deepening our insights into social inequalities and how they interact, the study of intersectionality . In light of the recent SBC Resolution 9 fiasco. Shaonta’ Allen. Sojourner Truth's 1851 "Ain't I a Woman?" Intersectionality as Critical Social Theory, Association for Middle East Women's Studies, Labor and Working-Class History Association. The fundamental difference in focus between the fields of sociology and psychology, notably between discriminatory processes and cognitive processes, has limited attempts to consider intersectionality and Social Identity Theory (SIT) together. It’s hard to overstate how central the idea epistemology is to her idea of resisting injustice. Intersectionality (Sociology) Critical theory. In Intersectionality as Critical Social TheoryPatricia Hill Collins offers a set of analytical tools for those wishing to develop intersectionality's capability to theorize social inequality in ways that would facilitate social change. These are just a few of the quotes expressing the same underlying idea in just the first 15 pages of the book! If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Context. Intersectionality rejects these notions that normalize inequality by depicting it as natural and inevitable. (3) The social location of individuals and groups within intersecting power relations shapes their experiences within and perspectives on the social world. Thus, in order to fully understand the racialization of oppressed groups, one must investigate the ways in whic… In Collins’ mind, one of the main ways that we can resist oppression is by calling into question truth claims which support social inequalities: viewing intersectionality as a resistant knowledge project highlights the political dimensions of knowledge. Because intersectionality encompasses both social sciences and humanities, it can be conceptualized alternatively as a social theory that guides the search for truth and as a social theory that guides the search for social meaning. Book review: Intersectionality as Critical Social Theory. In order to achieve anti-oppression aims, here are some things for geek groups to consider: 1. In feminist theory, intersectionality has become the predominant way of conceptualizing the relation between systems of oppression which construct our multiple identities and our social locations in hierarchies of power and privilege. (p. 12), Despite being familiar with oppressions of race, gender, class, and sexuality, Beauvoir never advanced an intersectional analysis of oppression or freedom. Collins and Bilge begin with the following working definition: “Intersectionality is a way of understanding and analyzing the complexity in the world, in people, and in human experiences.” The authors, however, are concerned with just one manifestation of human complexity. SubjectsGender and Sexuality, Sociology > Social Theory, Theory and Philosophy > Feminist Theory, “With remarkable brilliance and breadth, Patricia Hill Collins examines the theoretical dimensions of intersectionality in new ways and in dialogue with other influential social theories and resistant knowledges. In summary, Intersectionality as Critical Social Theory is a useful book for those interested in cutting-edge ‘intersectional’ scholarship. Philosophy / Movements / Critical Theory of the social determinants of health perspectives.” Sen and colleagues (2009) acknowledge this shift: In addition to the obvious benefit of deepening our insights into social inequalities and how they interact, the study of intersectionality . In Intersectionality as Critical Social Theory, Patricia Hill Collins extends the I think it’s safe to say that as responsible Christians who love the Gospel and the church, we need to start protecting God’s sheep by steering them away from people who refuse to sign the Statement on Social Justice and the Gospel due to their aggressive promotion of Critical Race Theory and Intersectionality. This understanding of intersectionality makes far broader claims, claims that attempt to establish strong connections between privilege, oppression, identity, and social existence. Get this from a library! Written By Steve Langella. Critical Theory Of Intersectionality 732 Words 3 Pages There are many interpretations of intersectionality, but without a doubt, the critical theory of intersectionality is based on the understanding that oppressive institutions within society take different forms for specific cultural and social positions of individuals and groups. Intersectionality as Critical Social Theory explains why critical social theory matters in the real world and how intersectionality can achieve its potential as a tool for social action needed to transform the world for the better. None of this is to say there are no merits to fields like critical race theory, postcolonial theory, queer theory, and other critical theories. Her recent book Intersectionality as Critical Social Theory (8/2019) is a dense, and somewhat unsatisfactory, excursion into the “paradigm” or “concept” or “framework” or “heuristic device” or “theory” (p. 3) of intersectionality. Collins reminds us what it looks like to use ideas in service of freedom projects, demanding at every turn that we do it with integrity, rigor, and a critical attention to the high stakes nature of social justice work. (p. 145), Critical theoretical projects resist and criticize not just the intellectual and political arrangements that accompany specific forms of domination, but also how dominant epistemologies make these structures of knowledge notoriously difficult to upend. There are no right or wrong arguments, no absolute truths, only narratives or stories that are more or less relevant to the search for meaning. critical stance toward categories (McCall, 2005; Joseph, 2015). Since its coinage in Crenshaw’s work in the late 1980s, […] . However, I wish Collins had engaged in more careful reflection on the basic philosophical assumptions implicit in her entire project: Can we know truth? Drawing on research with Black middle-class parents in England, the article explores t... Intersectionality, Critical Race Theory, and the Primacy of Racism: Race, Class, Gender, and Disability in Education - David Gillborn, 2015 These categories– and still others– can be separate disadvantaging factors… Intersectionality as Critical Social Theory explains why critical social theory matters in the real world and how intersectionality can achieve its potential as a tool for social action needed to transform the world for the better. Here she continues to be at her very best, asking the thorny questions that those of us who are scholars and practitioners of intersectionality often avoid. The term intersectionality references the critical insight that race, class, gender, sexuality, ethnicity, nation, ability, and age operate not as unitary, mutually exclusive entities, but rather as reciprocally constructing phenomena. In Intersectionality as Critical Social Theory Patricia Hill Collins offers a set of analytical tools for those wishing to develop intersectionality's capability to theorize social inequality in ways that would facilitate social change. (p. 14). Once again, Patricia Hill Collins shines as a masterful scholar of critical inquiry, politics, and social change.” (p. 51-52; see also p. 243), Truth is not an absolute. While intersectionality helps shed light on contemporary social issues, Collins notes that it has yet to reach its full potential as a critical social theory. . Practicing Intersectionality in Sociological Research: A critical analysis of inclusions, interactions and institutions in the study of inequalities Recent feminist scholarship increasingly presents race, class and gender as closely intertwined and argues that these forms of … Intersectionality is a theoretical framework for understanding how aspects of a person's social and political identities combine to create different modes of discrimination and privilege.Examples of these aspects are gender, caste, sex, race, class, sexuality, religion, disability, physical appearance, and height. While intersectionality helps shed light on contemporary social issues, Collins notes that it has yet to reach its full potential as a critical social theory. Intersectionality as Critical Inquiry and Critical Praxis . Instead, intersectionality points to the workings of power relations in producing social inequalities and the social problems they engender.” (p. 46), Third, our membership in either dominant or subordinate social groups will shape our experiences. ‘Gender, Black Feminism, and Black Political Economy.’ The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 568(1), 41-53. hooks, b. Collins and Bilge begin with the following working definition: “Intersectionality is a way of understanding and analyzing the complexity in the world, in people, and in human experiences.” The authors, however, are concerned with just one manifestation of human complexity. Intersectionality Theory and Practice Doyin Atewologun Summary and Keywords Intersectionality is a critical framework that provides us with the mindset and language for examining interconnections and interdependencies between social categories and sys­ tems. Twenty-eight years ago, Kimberlé Crenshaw coined the term “intersectionality” in a paper as a way to help explain the oppression of African-American women. — I. Ken, Choice, “Collins raises provocative questions throughout the book.… I anticipate readers not only better understanding intersectionality but changing how they think about theory, theorists, and theorizing more broadly.”. 2 These and related questions about intersectionality’s subject … Critical race theory (CRT), the view that the law and legal institutions are inherently racist and that race itself, instead of being biologically grounded and natural, is a socially constructed concept that is used by white people to further their economic and political interests at the expense of people of colour. has the potential to provide critical guidance for policies and programmes. Marxist social theory, the Critical Theory of the Frankfurt school, existentialism, liberation theory, and British cultural studies all have a critical impetus at their core. . The intersectionality with which these authors are concerned is both a political and an intellectual project. As was the case for intersectional scholarship, the types of actions that characterize intersectionality as critical … While the academic terminology in this excerpt might be a bit difficult for lay readers to parse, Collins elaborates on each of these ideas throughout the book. Patricia Hill Collins is Distinguished University Professor Emerita of Sociology at the University of Maryland, College Park, and the author of numerous books, most recently, Intersectionality (with Sirma Bilge) and On Intellectual Activism. All Rights Reserved. ‘Intersectionality Undone.’ Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race, 10(02), 405-424. ‎In Intersectionality as Critical Social Theory Patricia Hill Collins offers a set of analytical tools for those wishing to develop intersectionality’s capability to theorize social inequality in ways that would facilitate social change. . Whatever the form of oppression they experience —race, class, gender, sexuality, age, ability, ethnicity, and nation— subordinate groups have a vested interest in resisting it. Collins, P. H. (2000). critical stance toward categories (McCall, 2005; Joseph, 2015). Let These Scholars Explain the Theory and Its History A group of women, under a 'Women's Liberation' banner, march in support of … As Doug Meyer describes in the Gender and Society journal, “The theory of Intersectionality also suggests that discrete forms and expressions of oppression actually shape, and are shaped by, one another. Intersectionality is manifested in a number of critical social theories, with its most robust expression articulated in feminist theory. Just because you are female, or disabled, or a person of colour, or have a certain body type (overweight, underweight, average) does not mean that your experiences of sexism, ableism or racism or sizeism are an exact match for experiences of other kinds of oppression (or even exactly like sexism, ableism or racism for s… So, intersectionality—as envisaged by Crenshaw and other critical race activists—has two key elements: first, an empirical basis; an intersectional approach is needed to bet-ter understand the nature of social inequities and the pro-cesses that create and sustain them (i.e., to “analyze social … . Intersectionality is not simply a field of study to be mastered or an analytical strategy for understanding; rather, intersectionality as critical praxis sheds light on the doing of social justice work. Thus, the contribution of intersectionality lies not only in drawing attention to multiple forms of oppression but also in challenging the idea of homogeneous and essential social identities, categories or labels (Anthias, 2012). Intersectionality is a critical framework or approach that provides the mindset and language to examine interconnections and interdependencies between social categories and systems. First, a “defining feature of intersectionality” is “[t]he premise that race, gender, class, and other systems of power mutual construct one another now functions as a taken-for-granted truism within intersectionality” (p. 16) In other words, an analysis will be incomplete if it examines only class, or only gender, or only race without probing how these attributes interact. Intersectionality has become quite the buzzword in contemporary sociology, yet scholars still debate whether it is a concept, a theory, a methodology, or all three. Second, all of the aforementioned categories are “power relations.” Race, class, gender and a host of other social markers are not socially-irrelevant attributes like eye-color or ice cream preference. Intersectionality as Critical Inquiry and Critical Praxis . Intersectionality is a useful concept that conveys the idea that identity is connected to social groups. — Anna Amelina & Jana Schäfer, Ethnic and Racial Studies, "Highly recommended. While “Western epistemologies” (i.e. Instead, the rules that determine what counts as truth mean that some truths count more than others… Epistemology is crucial for understanding why some truths are present in intersectionality’s knowledge base while others remain neglected, as well as whose truths are believed and whose are dismissed. (p. 152), Because critical social theories have a vested interest in opposing political domination, the question of freedom has been central to many resistant knowledge projects (p. 190), From these and other comments sprinkled throughout the text, I think we can tentatively propose that Collins regards a “critical social theory” as one that analyzes and critiques the existing social order with the aim of transforming society to achieve greater justice. European Journal of Social Theory 0 10.1177/1368431020913403 Download Citation. (p. 10), Some [theoretical projects of Western social theory] explicitly aim to be critical; others do not. feminism as subjects of intersectionality theory grounds reservations about intersectionality’s usefulness as an analytic tool in addressing other margin-alized communities and other manifestations of social power. Intersectionality is not simply a field of study to be mastered or an analytical strategy for understanding; rather, intersectionality as critical praxis sheds light on the doing of social justice work. But we cannot assent to a wholesale postmodern deconstruction of truth-claims, nor should we assume that ‘truth’ must always bend to our ideas of ‘social justice.’ As Christians, we believe that God has spoken truth clearly and definitively in Scripture and that these truths can be understood by all people in all cultures, regardless of their social location. 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